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Liver » Liver Transplant

Cadaveric or Deceased Donor Liver Transplantation- What It Is and How It Works

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When a transplantation surgery is on your to-do list, it is evident that there'll be thousands of questions floating in your mind regarding the donor. Usually, with liver patients, a family member matches the recipient’s organ, and they are taken in for the transplant surgery.


However, when there is nobody to test for or when no members match as a donor, cadaver organ is the only option. When a liver is taken away from a brain dead donor or a deceased person, it’s termed as cadaver transplantation.

How Can Anybody Use a Dead Man’s Organs?

Not anybody can use anyone’s liver. Cadaver transplantation is a complicated process because there is a lot of formal functionality associated with it.

For a deceased person to be used as a cadaver for donation, the hospital must have the dead person’s will or the family’s written permission for donating his or her organs.

The person should be legally declared brain dead before their organs are donated. If not brain dead, the patient must be cardiac dead and the family must be in agreement to pull the plug and donate their organs.

The usual rule is to keep the identity of the deceased donor a confidential matter. The donor bank or source must refuse to reveal the circumstances of the death of the organ’s owner as well as the name, address, or identity in any manner.

How Is the Organ Used in Transplantation?

Right after a person is declared brain dead, given that he or she is already cleared for post-death organ donation, the liver is removed via surgery and refrigerated in a sterile fluid.

Outside the body, the liver can only stay preserved for about twelve hours. Thus, it is critical to the recipient’s advantage that they are prepped and ready for surgery as soon as the liver is out of the cadaver and ready to be used.

The hospitals perform a general screening on the donor beforehand to make sure that the liver is healthy enough. Any evidence of drug abuse, alcohol abuse, liver diseases, infection, or cancer makes the organ unusable. Once the liver passes these tests, the potential donors are matched with the patients on the waiting list.

Whoever gets a positive match, gets the organ.

The Waiting List- Who Gets On and Off?

As soon as you are okayed for a transplant surgery, you’ll have to register with one of the many centres for the same. If a liver is available, matches your blood group, and you are next in line, you’ll get it.

About the line, there are many people in India and abroad, who need a liver transplant and who depend solely on cadaver organ donations. To decide who receives a priority, all patients get a MELD score based on their health and survival time without a transplant.

The Recovery

The follow-up for a liver transplant remains more or less similar to both live donor and cadaver one. At times, a cadaver donor involving patient heals quickly because of the full organ as opposed to the time taken by the partial liver to regain its full size and resume full functions as happens with a live donor transplantation surgery.

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ZealthDoc is a medical tourism website providing healthcare services like Liver Transplant, Kidney Transplant, Cardiology, IVF etc.

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