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Important Everything that you should know about EPILEPSY

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Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder in which the nerve cell activity in your brain is disturbed. Epilepsy causes people to have recurring seizures.

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People may have strange sensations and emotions or may behave strangely.
Though Epilepsy may not have identifiable symptoms, it can be due to a medical condition or injury that affects the brain. The common causes of epilepsy are:
- Stroke
- Dementia
- Traumatic brain injury
- Infections (Brain abscess, Meningitis, Encephalitis, AIDS)
- Congenital brain defects
- Brain Injury (caused during or near birth)
- Brain tumor
- Abnormal blood vessels in the brain
- Other illness that damage or destroy brain tissue
- Certain medications (Antidepressants)
What are the signs and symptoms of Epilepsy?
The symptoms of Epilepsy differ from person to person. Some of the symptoms of Epilepsy are:
- Simple staring spells
- Violent shaking or loss of alertness
- Tingling sensation
- Smelling an order that isn’t actually there
- Emotional changes
Are there any complications associated with Epilepsy?
The possible complications associated with Epilepsy are as follows:
- Difficulty in learning
- Swallowing food or taking saliva into the lungs during a seizure, that can lead to pneumonia
- Injury from falls, bumps, self- inflicted bites, driving or operating machinery during a seizure
- Permanent brain damage
- Side effects of medications
What are the preventive measures for managing Epilepsy patients?
Generally, there is no known way to prevent epilepsy. However, proper diet and sleep and staying away from alcohol decreases the likelihood of triggering seizures in people with epilepsy.
How can Epilepsy be treated?
The treatment for epilepsy may involve:
- Medication: Medication to prevent seizures or to reduce the number of future seizures
- Surgical intervention: If Epilepsy seizures are due to tumor abnormal blood vessels or bleeding in the brain, surgical intervention to treat these disorders may make the seizures stop.
- Low carb diet: In some cases, children are placed on a special diet to help prevent seizures. A diet low in carbohydrates may also be helpful in some adults.
- Lifestyle modification: Lifestyle or medical changes can reduce the risk for a seizure in a person with epilepsy.

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