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IVF » In vitro fertilization

Infertility Symptoms- When Do You Need to Talk to a Doctor

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60% of couples successfully conceive after trying for six consecutive months. If you and your partner can't conceive after trying for one year, infertility is the most probable reason behind it.


The most prominent symptom of being infertile is not catching a pregnancy. However, the human body offers many other somewhat subtle signs of probable infertility which can be detected early on, thus enhancing the possibility of conceiving with medical care.

Infertility Symptoms in Men

The problem with male fertility could be because of hormonal imbalance, any inherited disorder, weak blood circulation around the testicles, or a narrow or blocked sperm ejaculation path.

Whatever the reason be, predicting the condition is difficult because the symptoms are often not caught on time.

  • Difficulty in ejaculation
  • Small ejaculated fluid volume
  • Reduced libido
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Lower sperm counts i.e. below fifteen million sperms in one millilitre of semen
  • Breast growth or gynecomastia
  • Presence of a lump or pain around the testicles and swelling around the area
  • Respiratory infections (numerous occurrences)
  • Olfactory issues
  • Diminishing growth in facial and body hair
  • Other signs of chromosomal imbalance

One-third of the cases of infertility in the world are attributed to the male in the partnership. The other two one-thirds are attributed to the female and unexplained causes respectively.

If you notice more than two of the symptoms mentioned above, consulting doctors would be a wise next step.

Infertility Symptoms in Women

Female infertility has numerous possible causes. These include hormonal imbalance, issues in fallopian tubes, cervical canal, or uterine trouble. The symptoms could be among the following.

  • Infrequent menstrual cycles
  • Abnormal blood flow during periods (too light or too dark)
  • Sudden absence of menstruation cycles
  • Pain in the back, cervix area, and abdominal cramps during periods
  • Skin issues like acne
  • Changing libido
  • Excess hair growth on face and chest
  • Hair loss or thinning
  • Increasing weight
  • Milky white liquid discharge from breast unassociated with breastfeeding
  • Pain during intercourse

If you haven’t yet reached 35, doctors suggest trying for at least twelve months before adopting medical assistance. Between the age of 35 and 40, the period of trying to get pregnant is reduced to half ( months.) After 40, treatment begins right away.

Visiting a Fertility Doctor

Age is a leading factor in infertility cases. Regardless of how many symptoms from these lists you suspect to carry, the doctors will ask you and your partner to go for urine, sperm, blood, and imaging tests. They would help in determining the cause of the infertile behaviour.

It is of absolute importance to come clear to the fertility doctor about all your prescriptions, supplements, diet, vitamins, radiation therapies ( if you ever had any), smoke and alcohol intake, and medical history.

While the success rates of infertility treatments have improved over the last decade, it is better to pay attention to the symptoms, if any, and report early to improve your chances at becoming parents.

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